Apomorphine Versus Addiction

Quotes – Now & Then

……and LINKS.

The discussions and themes surrounding addiction are cyclical……….like the whirligigs of time or mice in a bio-chemist’s lab they chase their tails endlessly.  Today, science and its relationship with society is under more scrutiny than ever before because of this medium, the internet. This development, and its astonishing affect upon us, was clearly predicted and seen as the logical expansion of mankind’s conversational environment. “Civilisation has consisted of the regulation  and mitigation of our external environment and the development of our conversational contacts. We have become less and less affected by the tamed forces of nature and our environment of words has become ever more important…..The electrical and photographic communication of words will make our civilisation not only universal but homogeneous.”-John Yerbury Dent, “Reactions of the Human Machine” (Gollancz) 1936



“It is a drug that killed more than 8,300 people in 2012, and has taken the lives of at least 5,000 English and Welsh citizens every year for the last decade. It is the culprit behind between one and two out of every hundred deaths…..Its abuse can lead to conditions ranging from strokes to heart disease. It is a potentially lethal substance that kills 2.5 million globally, and damages the health of far, far more. And as well as the human toll, it costs the British economy £21 billion a year in crime and healthcare. The drug is, of course, alcohol……”
-i@independent.co.uk – 2014


“The state will spend huge sums on the effort to deal with almost any and every disease. Quite rightly. Let us be thankful that it does. But it will not spend an adequate amount of money in combatting the disease of alcoholism, although expenditure on that disease is better and more rewarding venture socially, economically and financially than almost any other disease-expenditure. Where alcoholism is concerned, the attitude of the state is one of ignorance, prejudice, and obstinacy.”
-Patrick Riddell, “I Was an Alcoholic” Gollancz, 1955

Legislators have traditionally upheld Britain's drinking culture while maintaining a punitive attitude towards the use of less harmful drugs that looks increasingly absurd in light of the evidence and a five fold increase in liver disease since 1970 "as a result of alcohol" _Daily Telegraph - 4/12/2013

Legislators have traditionally upheld Britain’s drinking culture while maintaining a punitive stance towards the use of less harmful drugs. This contradictory position looks increasingly absurd in light of all evidence that includes, since 1970, a five fold increase in liver disease “as a result of alcohol”
Daily Telegraph – 4/12/2013




“How can clinicians become better wordsmiths for change? We must appreciate that verbal behaviour not only predicts behaviour change, but also is the in-session proxy for change. Words not only precurse change, they are change. They carry behavioural significance in and of themselves because they are the in-session component of the targeted change. Counseling that supports self determination and invites clients to voice their reasons for and optimism about change creates a conversation that sequences from intention to planning to commitment. In-session commitment, when paired with possession opportunity, yields change. Words lead to action, and action over time changes addictive behaviours.”
-“Treating Substance Abuse” – 3rd Edition – Scott T Walters & Frederick Rotgers  
(Chapter One – power of the word)


“You will find, too, that the waking-suggestion (Chapter Three) given you by the specialist after the treatment has ended is of enormous help to you during the first few months of your teetotalism. Waking suggestion? Yes. That is the explanation of what I thought at the time was hokum. Remember? The moments in the nursing home when I was reading aloud from the newspaper and the specialist was walking up and down speaking in a subdued voice. I had written several things I wanted from life – to restore happiness to my wife – to give my children a stable background – to hasten slowly. The specialist was using waking suggestion to get those things into either my lower brain or upper brain. I forget which, but it doesn’t matter. What does matter is that for months the thought of those three things kept popping into my mind at all sorts of times and in all sorts of places. I kept hearing a voice- not the voice of the specialist – repeating them…..It was uncanny, I felt as though someone was following me around, someone I never saw but always heard.”
-Patrick Riddell,  page 211 – “I was an Alcoholic” 1955, describing one way how John Yerbury Dent used words as agents of change.




“Except for short term help in withdrawing from addictive substances, (It can be very dangerous and even life threatening to stop many drugs too abruptly)  the use of drugs in treating addicts is especially to be condemned. Not only is there a danger of cross-addiction to new substances, but the prescription of drugs encourages the addict’s worst tendencies. For these reasons, it makes no more sense to give a heroin addict methadone than it does to give a gin to a vodka addict.” (1993)
Peter Breggin – “TOXIC PSYCHIATRY”


“The main thesis of this book” (Anxiety and its Treatment) “is that the human organism has to maintain a balance in a changing, uncomfortable world. If it is petted, if it is unduly sympathised with, it becomes less and less able to face this world. It can become addicted to anything that anaesthetises it against discomfort or unduly softens its surroundings. Too much care, too much sympathy or mistaken help, is never the best treatment in the long run. If a person can have his mechanism sufficiently repaired for it to face his demons and then be encouraged to struggle with his difficulties, it is quite possible that he will overcome them and enjoy the struggle as well as the victory.” (1941)
“ANXIETY and its TREATMENT” – John Yerbury Dent


There is an alternative. You can build a system that is designed to help drug addicts to reconnect with the world – and so leave behind their addictions. This isn’t theoretical It is happening. I have seen it. Nearly fifteen years ago, Portugal had one of the worst drug problems in Europe, with 1 percent of the population addicted to heroin. They had tried the drug  war, and the problem just kept getting worse. So they decided to do something radically different. They resolved to decriminalise all drugs, and transfer all the money they used to spend on arresting and jailing addicts, and spend it instead on reconnecting them – to their own feelings, and to the wider society. The most crucial step is to get them secure housing, and subsidised jobs so they have a purpose in life, and something to get out of bed for. I watched as they are helped, in warm and welcoming clinics, to learn how to reconnect with their feelings, after years of trauma and stunning them into silence with drugs.

One example I learned about was a group of addicts who were given a loan to set up removals firm. Suddenly they were a group, all bonded to each other, and to the society, and responsible for each other’s care.

Johann Hari – “CHASING THE SCREAM: the first and last days of the War on Drugs” – 2014 – Bloomsbury





“During the age of faith man’s greatest anxiety was probably his future life. The plagues, pestilencies and famines of this life were accepted with resignation. He was a fatalist about material things, but not at all about his spiritual future. Nowadays this attitude is reversed. He is to a large extent a fatalist about heaven and hell, and his main worry has shifted to his present life and health. Just as in the past there were a hierarchy of people who encouraged and preyed upon man’s fear of  after life so there are today many people who are willing to encourage and to prey upon his fear of disease. Some of the medical advertisements are so outrageous that it would seem impossible to believe that their authors are not deliberately deceiving their dupes. Many cures and preventative medicines promise freedom from absolutely fictitious diseases. They are no better than “indulgences” from fear.


If I mentioned the names of the firms who have invented diseases in order to sell medicines and food to combat them I should certainly have to pay heavy damages to the rich interests I attacked. Luckily I need not mention names, they are on all the hoardings, take your pick – some are worse than others, but you can be sure the truth is not in them, and those which frighten you most are the worst offenders. The only hope now is that governments will discover that the exploiters of anxiety are anti-social and that the taxes they pay do not balance the loss to the state caused by the increased hysteria they produce. Almost everybody, however healthy, can be turned into a patient, and it is fatally easy for each one of us to be frightened into becoming a chronic invalid.”

John Yerbury Dent – Anxiety and its Treatment, 3rd edition, 1955.



“In a video promoting antidepressants on the American Phsychiatric Assoc’s website, we overhear a father reflecting upon his sons depression and how it led to a catastrophic end. The father says: “I did not understand that depression was a disease if he’d been a diabetic I’d have gotten him insulin. I told him get over it you’ll feel better later.” I used to think medication was mind control. When he stopped his therapy he got worse. When maybe he could’ve been helped.”

The most chilling part comes at the end of the video when the father turns to the son and says forlornly, “I have got some bad news about your brother ….” implying that his untreated depressive brother had taken his own life.

This promotional video drives home a number of mis-leading messages that play on public fear and confusion around mental health issues, while exploiting viewers’ trust of medical experts. These messages imply that depression is a disease like any other physical disease (a view that research doesn’t support); that medication is really the only solution (another unsupported view) and finally, that not giving your child medication may lead to their deaths (a gross overstatement by all measures). This video therefore taps into our anxiety that if we don’t defer to drug treatments we have only ourselves to blame if tragedy ensues. This kind of pseudo-scientific scaremongering should have no place in respectable medicine or even in medical marketing, but research now indicates that such tactics are used in adverts for psychiatric drugs more than in adverts for any other type of medication.”

James Davies – “Why Psychiatry is Doing More Harm than Good” – 2013



‘It is surprising that there are no other apomorphine formulations particularly given the number of opioid drugs that there on the market.’  J. Y. Dent,  “Anxiety and its Treatment” – 1955


“The under-the-tongue formulation, called APL-130277, may be easier to use and offer longer relief than the injected apomorphine. Initial studies show fewer side effects, as well.” – 2016


One Response

  1. K.Drinkell says:

    “Nobody tells a diabetic to pull his socks up.” – brilliant. Actually many of the things that are still being said about addiction and mental health were first said by this man. I am sure he was not fooled by APO, several other independents arrived at the same conclusion.

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